How common is autism?
For many years,it was believed that autism occurs in 4.5 out of 10,000 live births. Recently, studies have shown that autism may be been as high as 0.5% of the population and it is three times more common in males. These estimates typically include those with autism and Asperger’s syndrome.
Info on Special Needs Learning
What is Asperger’s? Autism is one of a range of related but distinct disorders. It also includes Asperger’s Syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Asperger’s Syndrome is characterized by concrete and literal thinking, obsession with certain topics, excellent memories, and being ‘eccentric.’ These individuals are considered high-functioning and are capable of holding a job and living mainstream lives.
What is Autism?
Autism is a developmental disability. A person with autism will have significant difficulties in several areas of his/her development. The areas most affected are communication, social interaction and behaviour. This developmental disability may have a particular pattern called autism, or there may be varying amounts of disability in other areas of development which result in patterns called Asperger’s syndrome or Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD – NOS). This whole area of developmental disabilities is referred to as “autism spectrum disorders”. People with these disorders are affected differently, but all require specialised assistance and support. Source.
Treatment – The ability to diagnose and treat autism is rapidly evolving. Previously considered untreatable, there are now children who have been mainstreamed and who show only a shadow of previously extreme symptons….(coming soon)
Causes – The causes of autism are poorly understood, although it is clear that autism is a biological brain disorder. There also appear to be a range of causes including (perhaps) mercury, allergies (more soon)
Resources for Educating Children with Autism or Aspergers